Arab music is a general term for musical styles in the Middle East. Therefore, different music styles are seen in different countries and regions, and it is one of the genres that are diversifying. Arabian countries have various styles of music and many languages, and it can be said that it is a very difficult definition because the music tastes are completely different depending on the region.
What is Arabic music?
Arabic music is a general term for music in countries that mainly use Arabic. It mainly refers to the Middle East and North Africa, and is characterized by monophonic music. The melody is often accompanied by rhythmic accompaniment, and folk instruments are often used. Arab music can be broadly divided into two types: Eastern traditional music from ancient times such as Iraq and Egypt, and western Andalusian music from Morocco and Tunisia. When it comes to Arab music, some people may think of only ethnic music, but the music called Rai, which originated in Oran, Algeria, is recognized as popular music and is popular in Europe. Many genres permeate.
Rock music also became popular in the Arab world. There are many Arab rock bands that combine rock, metal and alternative rock sounds with traditional Arab instruments. Arabok has recently received a lot of attention in the Middle East.
Hip-hop and rap are not just popular genres in America and Europe. Hip-hop and rap are also very popular in the Arab region. It is a rap that incorporates the taste of traditional Arab music, and has a unique style.
House and club music that is popular in the United States and Europe is also very popular in the Arab region. The fusion of electronic music and traditional Arab musical styles has given this genre a unique evolution that is unique to the Arab region.
A style that combines Arab traditional music and jazz is also popular in Arabian countries. Although jazz instruments are the main instruments, many of them are mixed with traditional instruments, and this also creates a unique music style in the Arab region.
In the ancient Islamic world, music was not very popular. Around the 7th century, Islamic culture came into contact with the Byzantine Empire, a huge empire in the west, and it is said that by coming into contact with European culture, it came into direct contact with music culture, and music culture blossomed. During the Abbasid era, there was a time when musicians were active. Especially during the heyday of the Abbasid dynasty, many philosophers who wrote about music theory were produced, and it can be seen that music has penetrated deeply into the Islamic world.
In the 13th century, due to the invasion of the Mongol Empire, the music culture was once sluggish and declined. After the Ottoman Empire brought most of the Arab world under its control in the 16th century, Turkish music was promoted in the Sultan’s court, and Arab musical culture flourished in the region once again. It is said that Arab classical music in various places has been influenced by Turkey to this day. Since the Ottoman Empire controlled most of the Arab region, many Arab countries are influenced by Ottoman culture.