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[Austrian musical instrument history] Piano: Bösendorfer The world’s three major pianos

Instrument
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Bösendorfer is a piano maker founded in Vienna, Austria in 1827. One of the three major pianos in the world, STEINWAY & SONS, Bösendorfer and C.BECHSTEIN are manufacturers known to most piano players. A manufacturer that can be said to be synonymous with Austria, it is a world-famous piano. In addition to the standard 88-key piano, it is known to produce 92-key and 97-key pianos with extended bass.

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Location

This instrument was born in Austria.

Development company

L. Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH

Gymelsdorfergasse 42, 2700 Wiener Neustadt, Austria

founder

Ignaz Bösendorfer July 28, 1796-April 4, 1859

Born in Vienna, Austria in 1796 to a furniture craftsman’s family, at the age of 19, he became a disciple of the fortepiano organ maker Joseph Brothmann and honed his skills in fortepiano making techniques. In 1828, he took over Brodmann’s workshop and became independent as a fortepiano maker. In 1830, Emperor Franz I of Austria gave him the title of “Piano Maker for Courts and Chambers” and spread throughout Europe, making Bösendorfer famous. He won the gold medal of the highest award at the Industrial Exhibition in Vienna in 1839 and 1845. The Bösendorfer workshop was subsequently inherited by his son Ludwig.

history

Founded in 1828 by Ignaz Bösendorfer in Vienna, Austria. Selected as a purveyor to the imperial and royal families of each country, and won a prize at an industrial exhibition. The reputation gradually increased and became known to European countries. After World War II, management was in crisis for a while, but in 2002, he acquired the management rights of the Austrian Labor Economy Post Bank, an Austrian banking group, and returned to Austria in both name and reality. Since 2008, it has been a subsidiary of Yamaha. In addition to the standard 88-key piano, it is known for producing 92-key and 97-key pianos with extended bass.

Bösendorfer features

It takes about 62 weeks to manufacture a piano, and about 8 weeks to tune and tune it. The wood used is spruce, beech, and maple from the Fieme Valley in South Tyrol, which have been dried for more than five years. Since the strings of the Bösendorfer piano are stretched by a string tension method called “total single string”, the tuning is easy to stabilize, and pure sound and scale can be realized. In addition, all bass strings are hand-wound by skilled craftsmen. As much as it takes time and effort, the tone will be different.

The world’s three major pianos

Do you know the word “three major pianos in the world”? In Germany, the United States and Austria, there are piano makers called the world’s three major pianos. Bösendorfer is one of them and is a highly regarded piano maker.

Types of Bösendorfer

Bösendorfer225

Since the soundboard area is wide, you can play a variety of tones in a wide range of volumes and ranges.

Bösendorfer model 200

With its elegant form, it is one of the most popular models of the Bösendorfer piano.

Bösendorfer 275

A model with 92 keys, with a bright treble and an extended bass called “extra bass” to a major third lower F.

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