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[History of European musical instruments] Cello: Orchestral musical instruments

Instrument
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The cello is a famous instrument in orchestra and is also very famous as a solo instrument. It is an instrument known all over the world and has many players. With four strings, it is one of the most important musical instruments in Western classical music. Since it is rarely used in pop music, many people know it. The current cello uses the one established around the 18th century. Until then, there were various forms.

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Location

This instrument was born in Europe.

Development company

There are many cello manufacturers in the world today.

Company nameCountryfeature
YAMAHAJapanIt is a famous Japanese manufacturer and is loved by many players.
Morassy familyItalyWhile maintaining the framework of traditional violin, we emphasize how we can demonstrate our individuality in it.
Bissolotti familyItalyCharacterized by delicate, intelligent and modern construction.
Karl HofnerGermanyGermany’s leading stringed instrument manufacturer.
Ober LuterierFranceA leading French musical instrument manufacturer.

Cello history

The violin family, that is, the bowed string instrument that stringed with the intestines of sheep and scratched the hair of the tail of a horse with a pine tree to make a sound, is said to have originated in Central Asia. Bowed strings arrived in Europe and barely appeared in history in the late 12th and 13th centuries. It wasn’t until the 15th and 16th centuries that many paintings and sculptures appeared. The first cello was made by a man named Gasparo di Bertilotti from Italy. The cello was established in the 18th century, and by then there were various forms and playing methods. A music dictionary of the same era as J.S. Bach says, “The cello was played like a violin on an Italian low-pitched musical instrument.” From the 18th century onwards, the fingerboard was lengthened and the shapes of the pieces and bows were modified to make the louder sound, establishing the current style of cello.

Cello features

The range of the cello is lower than that of the violin and viola, but the range is said to be the closest instrument to the human voice. Structurally, the cello has almost the same structure as the violin. However, the whole is larger to produce bass and volume, especially the thickness of the wood. The strings have the same material and basic structure, but they are made thicker and stronger, and the bow is thicker than the violin, but the length is shorter. The cello is larger and heavier than the violin, so it is difficult to pinch it with your chin and hold it in your hand. The cello has a characteristic bass, but depending on the song, the range is so wide that it may be played at a higher pitch than the violin, and it is possible to produce a sound of 4 to 5 octaves. Therefore, the “cello ensemble”, which is performed only with a cello, is so diverse that it can be mistaken for a string ensemble containing violin and viola. Since the cello is a big instrument, you may have the image of an adult instrument, but in reality, there is a fractional cello that can be played according to the size of the body like a violin. There are 7 sizes, from the smallest to 1/10, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 7/8, and 4/4 full size.

Cello song

The cello is a very major instrument and is known to many. It is also known to be used in pop music. It can be widely used from orchestras to popular songs.

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