The Crumhorn is one of the old woodwind instruments used in Europe. However, it is not well known because it is a very maniac instrument. It was most commonly used during the Renaissance. It was a musical instrument that had been forgotten for a while, but from the latter half of the 20th century, it began to attract attention again and was used in traditional European music and early music. It’s an instrument with a very unusual shape.
This instrument was born in Europe.
History of the Crumhorn
The origin of the Crumhorn is not clear, but it is said to be an instrument born in Germany. The Crumhorn is believed to have evolved from the bagpipes. The first literature of the Crumhorn appeared in Krummpfeyffen, which means a bent / bent pipe in the 15th century court of Albrecht Achilles in Ansbach, now in Germany. However, there are no images of musical instruments left in this document. The Crumhorn painting first appeared in the paintings of Lorenzo Costa in Italy, The Triumph of Death, 1488-90. After that, it is known as the most characteristic musical instrument in the Renaissance period. During the Renaissance, it was used for ceremonial occasions and religious worship. Used in Europe in the 14th and 17th centuries, it seems to have become quite famous. However, after that, the Crumhorn was completely obsolete with the rise of orchestral music. Forgotten for a while, the Crumhorn becomes a famous instrument again around the 20th century. In the 20th century, the early music boom occurred in the world, and it became a musical instrument known to people again. It is an instrument that often appears in traditional European music.Home
Features of the Crumhorn
The Crumhorn is a lead cap instrument. Unlike shawms and modern oboe, the player’s lips do not come into direct contact with the reed. Instead, a Crumhorn double reed made of wand is capped inside a wooden mouthpiece. The player touches the tree with his lips. Because the reed has a cap, the player has no control over the volume and needs to take a lot of breath pressure to play nicely. Therefore, it is an instrument that requires technical skills and has a high degree of difficulty. The Crumhorn puts out a big one. The range is narrow, and usually sounds in the range of 9 degrees. The modern Crumhorn has been improved to extend the range upwards to 11 degrees with two keys. Crumhorn music, called the Crumhorn Consort, is often played by groups of differently sized instruments with different ranges. Therefore, instruments with different ranges are made in the Crumhorn.Sheet Music | Print + Interactive + PDF