スポンサーリンク

[History of European musical instruments] Harpsichord: Orchestral musical instruments

Instrument
スポンサーリンク

The harpsichord is an instrument that was actively used during the Baroque era when Bach and Vivaldi were active. An instrument that is the ancestor of the piano. It’s the same keyboard instrument, very similar to a piano. The harpsichord is an instrument born at the end of the 14th century. An instrument that existed at least 600 years ago. The oldest surviving instrument is stored in Ulm, Germany, around 1480. It is known as an instrument with a very long history.

スポンサーリンク

Location

This instrument was born in Europe.

History of the harpsichord

The oldest keyboard instrument is the organ. Keyboard instruments originated in Egypt over 2000 years ago. It is a mechanism that uses the power of a water wheel to send air and make a sound by opening and closing the valve. It is said that this eventually moved to Greece and became the harpsichord, with the Greek word “Zinbalm” as the etymology. In German and Italian, the dialect is “harpsichord”, and in French, it is “club sun”. In English it is called the “harpsichord”. It is an instrument that existed at least 600 years ago, as the description “Clavichord Balm” comes out of the 1397 document. The oldest surviving instrument is stored in Ulm, Germany, around 1480. The harpsichord reached its peak during the 17th and mid-18th centuries. A lot of harpsichord songs were made as works of art that were written and elaborated on the score. Representative composers include 17th century Fresco Bardi, Froberger, Champonière, Dangle Vale, Louis Kuplan, 18th century Francois Kuplan, Rameau, Bach, Handel and Scarlatti. The harpsichord continued to be used from the baroque era to the latter half of the 18th century. In the 19th century, the harpsichord eventually became a genre called “Early Music”. This was replaced by the piano with the advent of the piano. The harpsichord is now known as an instrument used in orchestras.

Characteristics of the harpsichord

The piano and harpsichord are very similar. The harpsichord is a keyboard instrument, much like a piano up to the point where the strings are stretched when the lid is opened. The harpsichord is a plucked string instrument that plucks the strings to produce sound. However, the black and white of the keyboard of the piano and harpsichord are reversed. In the harpsichord, the black key part of the piano is white and the white key part is black. Most harpsichords have a two-step keyboard, while the piano has a single-step keyboard. Due to its structure, the harpsichord cannot be as strong or weak as a piano. Therefore, articulation holds the key to expression. Although the volume is lower than that of a piano, it has a delicate and soft tone. Modern pianos have pedals, but the harpsichord does not. There is a function called a register to change the expression of the sound. There are three strings per keyboard, but you can adjust the tone and volume by playing the notes one octave above and below together using the register.

Harpsichord song

The harpsichord is an instrument that often appears in classical music.

コメント

タイトルとURLをコピーしました