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[History of Middle Eastern musical instruments] Ney Flute: Folk musical instruments

Instrument
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Ney Flute is an auspicious reed flute used in Arabic music. It is said to be one of the three typical musical instruments used in Arab classical music. It is a non-reed wind instrument used in solos and ensembles and is active as a solo instrument, but it can also play a high-pitched part of the ensemble with gorgeous decoration. It is also a quirky instrument that can be used to lower or raise the pitch by changing the angle of the head, such as the shakuhachi meri and potash.

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Location

This instrument was born in the Middle East.

History of Ney Flute

The origin of the word nai goes back many years. Ney is known to have come from a type of wind instrument named “na”. Na was once made from sugar cane. The person who plays Ney is called “nayi” in Arabic and “neyzen” in Persian. The history of Ney is associated with the “Mevlevi Order” because it is considered a sacred instrument by the Mevlevi Order. This Nai has been played all over the world for 4500-5000 years. It is one of the oldest musical instruments still in use today. It is one of the oldest flutes continuously used in Western and Eastern European folk and classical traditions. Nowadays, it is one of the instruments used in traditional music as it is also used in pop music, especially in the Middle East. It is one of the three typical musical instruments used in Arab classical music. Arabian and Turkish Ney are played in the same way, with the mouth on one end of the flute and blowing slightly diagonally to the tube.

Features of Ney Flute

Ney is a whistle that is held diagonally and blows. The singing mouth is tubular, and it is possible for right-handed people to hold the same instrument on the right and left-handed people to hold it on the left. The Arabian and Turkish Ney have seven holes, one of which is on the back and is usually closed with the thumb. The structure is an open pipe with both ends open, made of a single material, and has no joints. The total length is about 60 cm with C tube. The range is about 3 octaves. It is used in the classical genre of Arabic music and is used in solos and ensembles. There are various playing techniques, and you can handle various ornamental sounds such as vibrato, trill, portamento, pre-beating sound, and so on.

Ney Flute song

Ney is often used in traditional Middle Eastern music.

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