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[Swedish musical instrument history] Nyckelharpa: Folk musical instrument

Instrument
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Nyckelharpa is a traditional Swedish music stringed instrument. It is an instrument with 4 playing strings and 12 resonance strings, and is characterized by this unique sound. Sympathetic strings are tuned to all chromatic scales within an octave. Use the bow to rub the strings and use the keys to change the sound. No matter which note you play, one of the resonating strings will always resonate, resulting in a deeper note. It is one of the most interesting instruments because it is a very unique instrument.

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Location

This instrument was born in Sweden.

History of Nyckelharpa

Nyckelharpa is said to have originated in Sweden. Traces of the oldest Nyckelharpa performance can be found on Gotland. It is an instrument estimated to date from around 1350 and is presumed to be the origin of Nyckelharpa in Europe. Nyckelharpa has always been an indigenous instrument of Sweden with popular dances and songs, and is still used in traditional dances such as weddings and dance parties. At that time, it was known as a musical instrument for farmers. This instrument was probably made in the Uppland region and was improved in the 20th century. Nyckelharpa has a shape similar to that of a violin and has been improved into a chromatic scale instrument. Currently, the popularity of Nyckelharpa is fading. Nyckelharpa is an instrument used in folk music, ceremonies, and events.

Features of Nyckelharpa

Nyckelharpa is a stringed instrument with a key. Nickel means a keyboard and Harpa means a stringed instrument. Use the bow to rub the strings and use the keys to change the sound. Unlike the violin, the keys are lined up like a piano, so even a first-time user can play a simple melody. Nyckelharpa has 4 melody strings and 12 resonance strings used for playing. Sympathetic strings are tuned to all chromatic scales within an octave. The tone of Nyckelharpa is very distinctive and very similar to the sound of fiddles and hurdy-gurdy. Although it is a bowed string instrument, it can also be said to be a keyboard instrument played with a key that has a small piece called a tangent that holds the strings instead of the frets. Currently, there are differences depending on the region, depending on the number and arrangement of keys and strings, and the shape of the body, and there are four or more types of nickelharpa.

Nyckelharpa song

Nyckelharpa is mainly used in Swedish folk music.

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