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[American musical instrument history] Piano: Steinway & Sons The world’s three major pianos

Instrument
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Steinway & Sons is a super famous piano maker and no one knows it. It is considered to be one of the three major piano makers in the world, and STEINWAY & SONS, Bösendorfer, and C.BECHSTEIN are the makers that most piano players know. It became a famous piano maker by a German company founded in the United States in the middle of the 19th century. As a company that can make high quality pianos, it has become a highly regarded manufacturer worldwide.

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Location

This instrument was born in New York, USA.

Development company

Steinway & Sons

Astoria, New York  11105 United States

創業者

Henry Engelhard Steinway February 15, 1797-February 7, 1871

Born in 1797 in Braunschweig, Germany, as the 16th son, he was named Heinrich Engelhard Steinwek at the time. His father and brothers were recruited during the Napoleonic Wars that broke out at the time, during which starvation killed his mother and children, leaving only three, including Heinrich, when his father returned. At the age of 15, he unfortunately lost his entire family to a fire caused by a lightning strike, and Heinrich became an orphan and later worked as a furniture craftsman. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, he began working in an organ factory using woodworking techniques, then became independent and had his own organ repair workshop. During his organ production and repair work, he became keenly interested in fortepiano and began making pianos thereafter. In 1836, his first Steinway piano was completed. The revolution in 1842 made it difficult to work on piano, and in 1850 he moved to New York City, USA.

History

In the 1820s, Heinrich Engelhard Steinwek, who was a furniture maker in Germany, made the first piano. Heinrich emigrated from Germany to the United States in 1850 with his wife and eight of his nine children. Heinrich Steinway renamed Henry Steinway in English when he emigrated to the United States and founded Steinway and Sons in New York City in 1853. In the 1860s, a new factory was set up on Park Avenue in Manhattan, increasing annual production from 500 to 1800. After the 20th century, it suffered from poor management, and after being acquired by CBS in 1972 and then sold to multiple individual investors, it became a subsidiary of Selmer Industries in 1995. Together with Selmer and its former United Musical Instruments, LeBlanc Group and others, it continues to be the Steinway Musical Instruments, a complex of musical instrument manufacturers.

Steinway & Sons Features

Currently, Steinway is a popular piano, with 9 out of 10 pianists holding concerts choosing Steinway. Why is that? The Steinway grand piano has a strong structure that makes it hard to break, the entire instrument resonates well, and the treble range is delicate and clear. Even if you play it at a large concert venue, it is very popular with pianists because it has delicate expressions in every corner of the venue. Some call it the instrument of the gods.

The world’s three major pianos

Do you know the word “three major pianos in the world”? In Germany, the United States and Austria, there are piano makers called the world’s three major pianos. Steinway & Sons is one of them and is a highly acclaimed piano maker.

The rise of the electronic piano

As the times change, competitors will inevitably emerge. With the progress of digitalization, electronic pianos have appeared. There are advantages and disadvantages compared to conventional pianos.

Grand piano

  • No power required
  • Can play live sounds
  • It takes up a lot of space because the piano itself is large.
  • Price is high
  • Maintenance required

Digital piano

  • Easy to install and move because it is relatively compact
  • A lot of things that keep costs down are sold
  • The loudness of the sound can be adjusted
  • Can make various sounds
  • It is a thin electronic sound that is played.

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