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[History of Indian musical instruments] Tabla: Folk musical instruments

Instrument
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Tabla is a percussion instrument that originated in North India. A word of Arabic origin that means “taiko”. It is a percussion instrument that hits two drums, high-pitched and low-pitched, with your fingers or the palm of your hand. It is a mechanism. This instrument is now a very famous folk instrument in India and is often used in traditional music. It is an instrument that appears in movies and TV.

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Location

This instrument was born in India.

Tabla history

India has been invaded by Islamic descent since the 11th century. It will be the era of the five dynasties of Islam, where Islamic ruled the area around Delhi. The second short-lived nation, the Turkish Kirsie dynasty, had the court poet and musician Amir Kuslow. This man was a great musician who invented the sitar and composed many songs, but he was also supposed to invent the tabla. The prototype of tabla, Naqareh, was introduced by Arabian and Iranian Muslims. Naqareh is a pair of drums. Originally, the Islamic army was an army drum that threatened enemies and inspires allies on the battlefield, and was installed on camels and backs of horses and played by drummers on horseback. In the 18th century, Amir Khusrow is said to have invented tabla by splitting Pakawaji in two. Similarly, in the 16th century, when a pakawagi player named Sudar Khan Darley could not beat a rival named Bagwan Darth and slammed an instrument on the ground, it was split into two. There is also an anecdote that it broke and became a tabla.

Features of tabla

A tabla is a percussion instrument that is considered one by two. It is also called tabla baya by combining two types of drums, tabla (treble) and baya (bass). The torso of the treble tabla is made of wood, and the bass baya is made of metal such as copper and brass. In both cases, the skin is goat leather, and the high-pitched tabla is painted in the center, and the low-pitched tabla is painted slightly in front of the center, with a black material called suyahi, which is made by kneading iron powder with grain powder. To play, use your right hand to play the tabla with your index finger, middle finger, ring finger, and palm to play high notes. And with the left hand, press or rub the base of the palm against the baya to create a mysteriously lingering bass. It is possible to make about 5 kinds of sounds with the right hand and about 3 kinds of sounds with the left hand.

Tabla type

Tabla consists of tabla and baya.

Tabla

Derived from the Arabic word “taiko”.

Baya

Percussion with the meaning on the left.

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